Uji Kemampuan Insektisida Botanis Ekstrak Daun Gambir terhadap Hama (Plutella Xylostella. l)

Main Author: Idris, Herwita; Kebun Percobaan BALITTRO Laing Solok
Format: Article info application/pdf Journal
Bahasa: eng
Terbitan: Kopertis Wilayah X , 2015
Online Access: http://ejournal.kopertis10.or.id/index.php/jit/article/view/22
http://ejournal.kopertis10.or.id/index.php/jit/article/view/22/21
ctrlnum article-22
fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?> <dc schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc.xsd"><title lang="en-US">Uji Kemampuan Insektisida Botanis Ekstrak Daun Gambir terhadap Hama (Plutella Xylostella. l)</title><creator>Idris, Herwita; Kebun Percobaan BALITTRO Laing Solok</creator><description lang="en-US">Upaya pengendalian hama Plutella xylostella. L (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) terutama pada tanaman kubis umumnya dilakukan dengan insektisida sintetik, namun hal diatas dinilai kurang bijaksana karena, biasanya&#xA0; terjadi penumpukan residu pestisida yang sangat tinggi sehingga kurang baik untuk kesehatan. Dalam masalah ini perlu dilakukan upaya pengendalian yang lebih bijaksana seperti pemakaian insektisida botanis.Gambir (Uncaria gambir, Roxb) merupakan salah satu tanaman sumber bahan pestisida botanis yang sangat potensial, karena getah daun gambir&#xA0; mengandung alkaloid berupa senyawa kimia seperti catechin, tannin catecu (tannin/tannat), querchitin, flouresin dan beberapa senyawa lainnya, dimana&#xA0; senyawa katechin, tannin dan querchitin&#xA0; bersifat anti mikrobial dan anti oksidan. Sehubungan dengan itu telah dilakukan penelitian tentang uji kemampuan beberapa konsentrasi ekstrak daun gambir terhadap serangga&#xA0; Plutella xylostella, L di Kebun Percobaan Laing Solok mulai bulan November 2011 sampai bulan Maret 2012. Penelitian memakai rancangan acak lengkap dengan 7 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan, masing-masing perlakuan adalah ekstrak daun gambir konsentrasi 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, 7500 ppm dan tanpa ekstrak (0 ppm) sebagai kontrol. Parameter pengamatan meliputi tingkat kematian&#xA0; dan volume makan larva, serta panjang siklus hidup.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun gambir memiliki sifat insektisidal yang baik sehingga mampu mempengaruhi sifat fisiologis serta horman dari serangga Plutella xylostella. L. Dalam konsentrasi 5000 ppm dan 7500 ppm bahan ini dapat menyebabkan kematian terhadap larva instar (II, III dan&#xA0; IV) sebesar sebesar (60,70%, 58,70%, 55,06%) dan (71,48%, 61,20%, 56,80%). Kedua konsentrasi juga mampu&#xA0; menekan volume makan sebesar (27,16%, 79,19%, 12,73%) dan (30,77%, 84,36%, 26,49%). Serta dapat memperpanjang siklus hidup (13,96-17,49) hari.Kata kunci: Plutella xylostella . L, &#xA0;aspek biologis, Uncaria gambir,Roxb, insektisida botanis.&#xA0;Plutella xylostella L (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) pest control efforts. on cabbage especially generally performed with synthetic insecticides, but the above is considered less wise because, usually in the accumulation of a very high pesticide residue that is not good for health. In this issue needs to be made more sensible control measures such as the use of botanical insecticides. Gambier (Uncaria gambier, Roxb) is a botanical pesticide plant material source with huge potential, because the sap gambier leaves contain alkaloids such as chemical compounds such as catechins, tannins catecu (tannin / Tannat), querchitin, flouresin and some other compounds, where the compound katechin , tannin and querchitin is anti-microbial and anti-oxidant. In connection with the research has been done on testing the ability of some leaf extracts gambier concentrations against insects Plutella xylostella .L, at the KP. &#xA0;Laing Solok starting in November 2011 through Maret 2012. Research used a completely randomized design with 7 treatments and 4 replications, each treatment is the concentration of leaf extract gambier 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, 7500 ppm and without extract (0 ppm) as a control. Parameters include the observation of mortality and larvae feed volume, and long life cycle. The results showed that the leaf extract gambier has insecticidal properties are better able to influence the physiological properties as well as the hormones of insects Plutella xylostella. L. In a 5000 ppm concentration of 7500 ppm and this material can cause the death of the larval instar (II, III and IV) was equal to (60.70%, 58.70%, 55.06%) and (71 , 48%, 61.20%, 56.80%). Both concentrations are also able to reduce the volume of feed (27.16%, 79.19%, 12.73%) and (30.77%, 84.36%, 26.49%). As well as to extend the life cycle (13.96 to 17.49) days. Keywords: Plutella xylostella. L, biological aspects, Uncaria gambier, Roxb, botanical insecticides.</description><publisher lang="en-US">Kopertis Wilayah X</publisher><contributor lang="en-US"/><date>2015-07-23</date><type>Journal:Article</type><type>Other:info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion</type><type>Other:</type><type>File:application/pdf</type><identifier>http://ejournal.kopertis10.or.id/index.php/jit/article/view/22</identifier><identifier>10.22216/jit.2014.v8i4.22</identifier><source lang="en-US">Jurnal Ipteks Terapan; Vol 8, No 4 (2014): JIT; 262-268</source><source lang="id-ID">Jurnal Ipteks Terapan; Vol 8, No 4 (2014): JIT; 262-268</source><source>2460-5611</source><source>1979-9292</source><source>10.22216/jit.2014.v8i4</source><language>eng</language><relation>http://ejournal.kopertis10.or.id/index.php/jit/article/view/22/21</relation><relation>10.22216/jit.2014.v8i4.22</relation><rights lang="en-US">Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Ipteks Terapan</rights><recordID>article-22</recordID></dc>
language eng
format Journal:Article
Journal
Other:info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Other
Other:
File:application/pdf
File
Journal:Journal
author Idris, Herwita; Kebun Percobaan BALITTRO Laing Solok
title Uji Kemampuan Insektisida Botanis Ekstrak Daun Gambir terhadap Hama (Plutella Xylostella. l)
publisher Kopertis Wilayah X
publishDate 2015
url http://ejournal.kopertis10.or.id/index.php/jit/article/view/22
http://ejournal.kopertis10.or.id/index.php/jit/article/view/22/21
contents Upaya pengendalian hama Plutella xylostella. L (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) terutama pada tanaman kubis umumnya dilakukan dengan insektisida sintetik, namun hal diatas dinilai kurang bijaksana karena, biasanya terjadi penumpukan residu pestisida yang sangat tinggi sehingga kurang baik untuk kesehatan. Dalam masalah ini perlu dilakukan upaya pengendalian yang lebih bijaksana seperti pemakaian insektisida botanis.Gambir (Uncaria gambir, Roxb) merupakan salah satu tanaman sumber bahan pestisida botanis yang sangat potensial, karena getah daun gambir mengandung alkaloid berupa senyawa kimia seperti catechin, tannin catecu (tannin/tannat), querchitin, flouresin dan beberapa senyawa lainnya, dimana senyawa katechin, tannin dan querchitin bersifat anti mikrobial dan anti oksidan. Sehubungan dengan itu telah dilakukan penelitian tentang uji kemampuan beberapa konsentrasi ekstrak daun gambir terhadap serangga Plutella xylostella, L di Kebun Percobaan Laing Solok mulai bulan November 2011 sampai bulan Maret 2012. Penelitian memakai rancangan acak lengkap dengan 7 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan, masing-masing perlakuan adalah ekstrak daun gambir konsentrasi 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, 7500 ppm dan tanpa ekstrak (0 ppm) sebagai kontrol. Parameter pengamatan meliputi tingkat kematian dan volume makan larva, serta panjang siklus hidup.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun gambir memiliki sifat insektisidal yang baik sehingga mampu mempengaruhi sifat fisiologis serta horman dari serangga Plutella xylostella. L. Dalam konsentrasi 5000 ppm dan 7500 ppm bahan ini dapat menyebabkan kematian terhadap larva instar (II, III dan IV) sebesar sebesar (60,70%, 58,70%, 55,06%) dan (71,48%, 61,20%, 56,80%). Kedua konsentrasi juga mampu menekan volume makan sebesar (27,16%, 79,19%, 12,73%) dan (30,77%, 84,36%, 26,49%). Serta dapat memperpanjang siklus hidup (13,96-17,49) hari.Kata kunci: Plutella xylostella . L, aspek biologis, Uncaria gambir,Roxb, insektisida botanis. Plutella xylostella L (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) pest control efforts. on cabbage especially generally performed with synthetic insecticides, but the above is considered less wise because, usually in the accumulation of a very high pesticide residue that is not good for health. In this issue needs to be made more sensible control measures such as the use of botanical insecticides. Gambier (Uncaria gambier, Roxb) is a botanical pesticide plant material source with huge potential, because the sap gambier leaves contain alkaloids such as chemical compounds such as catechins, tannins catecu (tannin / Tannat), querchitin, flouresin and some other compounds, where the compound katechin , tannin and querchitin is anti-microbial and anti-oxidant. In connection with the research has been done on testing the ability of some leaf extracts gambier concentrations against insects Plutella xylostella .L, at the KP. Laing Solok starting in November 2011 through Maret 2012. Research used a completely randomized design with 7 treatments and 4 replications, each treatment is the concentration of leaf extract gambier 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, 7500 ppm and without extract (0 ppm) as a control. Parameters include the observation of mortality and larvae feed volume, and long life cycle. The results showed that the leaf extract gambier has insecticidal properties are better able to influence the physiological properties as well as the hormones of insects Plutella xylostella. L. In a 5000 ppm concentration of 7500 ppm and this material can cause the death of the larval instar (II, III and IV) was equal to (60.70%, 58.70%, 55.06%) and (71 , 48%, 61.20%, 56.80%). Both concentrations are also able to reduce the volume of feed (27.16%, 79.19%, 12.73%) and (30.77%, 84.36%, 26.49%). As well as to extend the life cycle (13.96 to 17.49) days. Keywords: Plutella xylostella. L, biological aspects, Uncaria gambier, Roxb, botanical insecticides.
id IOS4002.article-22
institution Koordinasi Perguruan Tinggi Swasta Wilayah X
institution_id 932
institution_type library:public
library
library E-Journal Kopertis Wilayah X
library_id 864
collection Jurnal Ipteks Terapan
repository_id 4002
city KOTA PADANG
province SUMATERA BARAT
shared_to_ipusnas_str 1
repoId IOS4002
first_indexed 2017-03-04T03:15:13Z
last_indexed 2017-09-10T02:16:46Z
recordtype dc
merged_child_boolean 1
_version_ 1607576563997474816
score 16.124552